Some base coats called "peel off base coats" allow the user to peel off their nail polish without using a remover. Rhinestones or other decorative art are also often applied to nail polish. With inviting names such as peaches and cream or Caramel Smoothie, you are led away from the potential dangers of these polishes, with some ingredients that are known cancer causing chemicals and those toxic to the nervous system. Views Read Edit View history. Leaking out of the bottle into the soil could cause contamination in ground water.
This is especially true in warm climate areas where open-toed shoes are worn and can mask damaged or disfigured nails.
There are 15 principal nail polish finishes: Nail polish remover is an organic solvent that may also include oils, scents, and coloring. Nail polish remover packages may include individual felt pads soaked in remover, a bottle of liquid remover used with a cotton ball or cotton pad , or a container filled with foam into which one inserts a finger and twists it until the polish comes off.
Choosing a type of remover is determined by the user's preference, and often the price or quality of the remover. The most common remover is acetone. This can be harsh on skin and nails. A less harsh nail polish remover is ethyl acetate , which often also contains isopropyl alcohol. Acetonitrile has been used as a nail polish remover, but it is more toxic and potentially more carcinogenic than the aforementioned options.
It has been banned in the European Economic Area for use in cosmetics since 17 March The health risks associated with nail polish are disputed.
According to the U. Department of Health and Human Services , "The amount of chemicals used in animal studies is probably a couple of hundred times higher than what you would be exposed to from using nail polish every week or so. So the chances of any individual phthalate producing such harm [in humans] is very slim.
In , Susan Reutman, an epidemiologist with the U. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 's Division of Applied Research and Technology, announced a federal effort to evaluate the effectiveness of downdraft vented nail tables VNTs in removing potential nail polish chemical and dust exposures from the technician's work area. According to Reutman, a growing body of scientific literature suggests that some inhaled and absorbed organic solvents found in nail salons such as glycol ethers and carbon disulfide may have adverse effects on reproductive health.
These effects may including birth defects, low birth weight, miscarriage, and preterm birth. Nail polish formulations may include ingredients that are toxic or affect other health problems.
One controversial family of ingredient are phthalates ,  which are implicated as endocrine disruptors and linked to problems in the endocrine system and increased risk of diabetes.
Manufacturers have been pressured by consumer groups to reduce or to eliminate potentially-toxic ingredients,  and in September , several companies agreed to phase out dibutyl phthalates. Nail polish is considered a hazardous waste by some regulatory bodies such as the Los Angeles Department of Public Works.
Leaking out of the bottle into the soil could cause contamination in ground water. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Chemical Composition Of Everyday Products. The historical encyclopedia of good looks, beauty, and grooming. Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 22 June The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 1 September Many polishes give off a metallic sheen. Duochrome or multichrome polish contains several colors. The colors flash differently, depending on the reflection of the light.
Iridescent polish is a softer version of duochrome. Archived from the original PDF on Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Retrieved 3 June Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 5 April With inviting names such as peaches and cream or Caramel Smoothie, you are led away from the potential dangers of these polishes, with some ingredients that are known cancer causing chemicals and those toxic to the nervous system.
The top three chemicals of concern are toluene, dibutyl phthalate dbp and formaldehyde — the so called 'toxic trio'. William Reed Business Media. Retrieved 7 August Things we can carry in UK post but with restrictions". Food and Drug Administration. Conditioner Hair coloring and bleaching Removal chemical electric laser IPL plucking shaving threading waxing Shampoo Styling products gel mousse pomade spray wax. Artificial nails Buffing Manicure Nail polish Pedicure.
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Categories Companies People History. Retrieved from " https: Nail polish also known as nail varnish is a lacquer that can be applied to the human fingernail or toenails to decorate and protect the nail plates.
The formulation has been revised repeatedly to enhance its decorative effects, and to suppress cracking or flaking. Nail polish consists of a mix of an organic polymer and several other components, depending on the brand.
Nail polish originated in China and dates back to BC. In Egypt , the lower classes wore pale colors, whereas high society painted their nails a reddish brown color, with henna.
Colored nail polish did not make an appearance until the s. Early nail polish formulas were created using basic ingredients such as lavender oil , Carmine , oxide tin, and bergamot oil. One type of polishing product sold around this time was Graf's Hyglo nail polish paste. This type of nail polish is a clear, milky-colored, or opaque pink polish formula that is used specifically before applying nail polish to the nail.
Some base coats called "peel off base coats" allow the user to peel off their nail polish without using a remover. This type of nail polish is a clear colored polish formula that is used specifically after applying nail polish to the nail.
It forms a hardened barrier for the nail that can prevent chipping, scratching and peeling. Many top coats are marketed as "quick-drying. It gives the polish a more finished and desired look and may help to keep the polish on for longer. Gel polish is a long-lasting variety of nail polish made up of a type of methacrylate polymer. It is painted on the nail similar to traditional nail polish, but does not dry.
Instead it is cured under an ultraviolet lamp or ultraviolet LED. While regular nail polish formulas typically last two to seven days without chipping, gel polish can last as long as two weeks with proper application and home care.
Gel polish can be more difficult to remove than regular nail polish. It is usually gently pushed off often with a wooden stick after soaking the nails in pure acetone the solvent used in most nail polish removers for eight to fifteen minutes. Matte polish is like regular polish, but has a purposely dull finish rather than a shine.
It can be purchased as a regular base coat in ranges of different colors. Matte nail polish can also be found in a top coat. Matte top coat is most useful for painting over any dry base color, giving it a different appearance. The matte top coat polish will dull the shine from a regular base coat polish. Matte polish has become very popular through the years, particularly since it can be used in nail art applications, where designs can be created on the nail using the contrast of both shiny and matte surfaces.
Shellac nail polish is a long-lasting polish that can go on acrylic, artificial nails or the natural nail that gives off a fresh shiny look. This type of polish can last up to 4 weeks with minimal chipping and is healthier for the natural nail compared to an acrylic nail which leaves the natural nail thin and flakey.
Shellac is also used as a barrier or primer coat on wood to prevent the bleeding of resin or pigments into the final finish, or to prevent wood stain from blotching. Traditionally, nail polish started in clear, red , pink , purple , and black. Nail polish can be found in a diverse variety of colors and shades. Beyond solid colors, nail polish has also developed an array of other designs, such as crackled, glitter, flake, speckled, iridescent, and holographic.
Rhinestones or other decorative art are also often applied to nail polish. French manicures are designed to resemble natural nails, and are characterized by natural pink base nails with white tips.
French manicures were one of the first popular and well known color schemes. French manicures may have originated in the eighteenth-century in Paris but were most popular in the s and s. One updated trend involves painting different colors as the tips of the nails instead of the basic white. French tip nails can be made with stickers, stencils, or with a basic toothpick. Social media has given rise to the nail art culture that allows users to share their pictures about their nail art. Nail polish in the Western world has traditionally been worn by women, going in and out of acceptability depending upon moral customs of the day.
In Victorian era culture it was generally considered improper for women to adorn themselves with either makeup or nail coloring, since natural appearances were considered more chaste and pure. In the s, however, women left corsets and long gowns behind, changed to simple loose-fitting dresses, and began to wear color in new makeups and nail products, partly in rebellion to such prim customs of their recent past. Since the s, nail colors progressed from French manicures and standard reds to various palettes of color choices, usually coordinated with the fashion industry's clothing colors for the season.
By the 's the whole nail is finally painted as before it was fashionable to have the tips bare and half-moon on the nail bed. Men have begun to wear clear polish on their nails to protect them from breakage, and as recorded from , a few men have also started to wear colored nail polish on their toenails, and some even on their hands, possibly arising from its use by rock music musicians or in Goth subculture.
While pastel colors such as pink are not typically worn by men, colors such as black, gun metal, silver, olive green, or brown are more often seen. This is especially true in warm climate areas where open-toed shoes are worn and can mask damaged or disfigured nails.
There are 15 principal nail polish finishes: Nail polish remover is an organic solvent that may also include oils, scents, and coloring. Nail polish remover packages may include individual felt pads soaked in remover, a bottle of liquid remover used with a cotton ball or cotton pad , or a container filled with foam into which one inserts a finger and twists it until the polish comes off. Choosing a type of remover is determined by the user's preference, and often the price or quality of the remover.
The most common remover is acetone. This can be harsh on skin and nails.
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