Louis Armstrong played at the venue during this time.
Centre Point , just beyond the eastern end of Oxford Street next to Tottenham Court Road station, was designed by property developer Harry Hyams and opened in It failed to find a suitable tenant and remained empty for many years before being occupied by squatters who used it as a centre of protest against the lack of suitable accommodation in central London.
In , building work began to convert it into residential flats, with development expected to finish in Oxford Street is home to a number of major department stores and flagship retail outlets, containing over shops as of The New West End Company, formerly the Oxford Street Association, oversees stores and trade along the street; its objective is to make the place safe and desirable for shoppers. The group has been critical of overcrowding and the quality of shops and clamped down on abusive traders, who were then refused licences.
Several British retail chains regard their Oxford Street branch as the flagship store. The company was owned by Burton between and The music retailer HMV opened at No.
The Beatles made their first recording in London in , when they cut a 78rpm demo disc in the store. As well as music and video retail, the premises supported live gigs in the store. Because of financial difficulties, the store closed in , with all retail moving to No. The Club , in the basement of No. It was thought to be safe from bombing threats because of its underground location, and played host to jazz musicians, including Glenn Miller.
It was renamed the London Jazz Club in , and subsequently the Humphrey Lyttelton Club after he took over the lease in the s. Louis Armstrong played at the venue during this time. It became a key venue for the trad jazz revival, hosting gigs by Chris Barber and Acker Bilk. It was renamed the Club in after Roger Horton bought a stake, adding an alcohol licence for the first time. The venue hosted gigs by several British blues bands, including the Who , the Kinks and the Animals.
It was an important venue for punk rock in the UK and hosted the first British punk festival on 21 September , featuring the Sex Pistols , the Damned and the Buzzcocks. It was built in the midth century and is the last remaining pub in the street, which once had The cosmetics retailer Lush opened a store in Oxford Street is served by major bus routes and by four tube stations of the London Underground.
From Marble Arch eastwards, the stations are:. The four stations serve an average of million passengers every year, with Oxford Circus being the busiest. Crossrail , a major project involving an east-west rail route across London, will have two stations serving Oxford Street, at Bond Street and Tottenham Court Road.
Each station will be "double-ended", with exits through the existing tube station and also some distance away: Oxford Street has been ranked as the most important retail location in Britain and the busiest shopping street in Europe.
There is heavy competition between foot and bus traffic on Oxford Street, which is the main east-west bus corridor through Central London. Around , people get on or off a bus on Oxford Street every day, along with 43, further through passengers.
Taxis are popular, particularly along the stretch between Oxford Circus and Selfridges. There have been several proposals to reduce congestion on Oxford Street. Horse-drawn vehicles were banned in , and traffic signals were installed the same year. This is only open to buses, taxis and two-wheeled vehicles between 7: However, the area is popular with unregulated rickshaws, which are a major cause of congestion in the area.
Their slow speed, coupled with the narrowness of the street buses are unable to pass them, causing long traffic queues only add to the traffic woes. This doubles the pedestrian capacity at the junction. In , the New West End Company and the Mayor of London , Ken Livingstone , proposed to pedestrianise the street with a tram service running end to end.
In , TfL suggested that pedestrianisation may not be a suitable long-term measure due to Crossrail reducing the demand for bus services on the street and proposed banning all traffic except buses and cycles during peak shopping times.
The figure was an average that included night-time, when traffic was much lower. Oxford Street has suffered from high crime rates. In an internal Metropolitan Police report named it as the most dangerous street in Central London. During , there were vehicle crimes, robberies, 2, violent crimes and 5, reported instances of anti-social behaviour. In , the United Arab Emirates issued a travel advisory, warnings its citizens to avoid Oxford Street and other areas of Central London such as Bond Street and Piccadilly due to "pickpocketing, fraud and theft".
Every Christmas, Oxford Street is decorated with festive lights. The tradition of Christmas lights began in , five years after neighbouring Regent Street. There were no light displays in or because of economic recession, but the lights returned in when Oxford Street organised a laser display, and have continued every year since.
Current practice involves a celebrity turning the lights on in mid- to late-November, and the lights remain until 6 January Twelfth Night.
The festivities were postponed in because of the assassination of John F. Kennedy and in to fit with Kylie Minogue 's touring commitments. Oxford Street has several Grade II listed buildings.
In addition, the façades to Oxford Circus tube station are also listed. Oxford Street is mentioned in several Charles Dickens novels. In A Tale of Two Cities , as Oxford Road, it is described as having "very few buildings", though it was heavily built up by the late 18th century. It is also mentioned in Sketches by Boz and Bleak House. The street is a square on the British Monopoly game board, part of the green set together with Regent Street and Bond Street.
The streets were grouped together as they are all primarily retail areas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Oxford Street disambiguation. For the tube station, see Oxford Circus tube station. List of Oxford Street Christmas lights celebrities. London portal Roads portal. Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original PDF on 5 July Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 7 July The Development of the Frontage, in Survey of London: Oxford Street's store wars".
Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 25 January Two Bombs explode in Oxford Street". Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 11 November Retrieved 11 July Campaign for Real Ale. National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 April Lush unveils radical new look on Oxford Street". Retrieved 22 August Retrieved 1 December The current building at Oxford Circus was designed by architect Henry Tanner.
Being completed in , it is Grade II listed. The business grew into a small chain of department stores and in , Burtons now Arcadia Group took over the chain. The business continued to expand, with new stores opening across the United Kingdom, including Lime Street in Liverpool. In , to try and attract the younger buyer, Peter Robinson's Topshop was opened on the third floor of the Sheffield store located in Angel Place, now Primark.
In , Burton's Group, the parent company decided that Peter Robinson and Topshop should be separated, with Peter Robinson aiming for the over 25s. The number of stores reduce from 22 to just 6. By the end of the s Peter Robinson brand had all but disappeared. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 3 Nov
3 Store, Oxford Street, London - Mobile Phones near Oxford Circus Tube Station - All In London2/5(2). 3 Store in Oxford Circus, Oxford Street, London Oxford St, W1C 2DD, Opening Times, Phone number, Map, Latenight, Sunday hours, Address, Mobile Phones. 3 Mobile is the only operator to offer unlimited data on 4G and provide a wide range of Android aswell as iPhones and Windows smartphones. At the 3 Mobile store on Oxford Street, customers will find attentive and supportive Customer Advisors and access to exclusive deals.
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